Conflict

Truce Continues To Hold Between Warring Factions In Effort To End Bloodshed

North Africa

Libya - The fighting that erupted in the south of Tripoli on 16th January has been halted thanks to a ceasefire agreement.

After clashes arose once again in southern Tripoli last Tuesday, elders and social leaders have met to mediate another ceasefire agreement between the warring factions.

Last week, clashes between a coalition of Tripoli militias, known as the Tripoli Protection Force (TPF), and the 7th Brigade, from Tarhouna, a town 65 kilometres south-east of Tripoli, erupted near the Libyan capital’s International Airport.

These clashes have led to the killing of at least 16 people with over 65 injured according to the Libyan Health Ministry.

As soon as the clashes erupted, the UN Special Mission in Libyan (UNSMIL) warned of the continuation of the clashes, especially if civilians are targeted by the groups.

The ceasefire that was brokered by the tribes of Waled and Werfala has lasted thus far, although observers fear that this ceasefire, like many before it, will collapse at any moment. According to Libyan observers, the latest ceasefire agreement has not differed from any of the previously failed truces, and is, in fact, less detailed and does not guarantee that fighting will not be renewed.

“The previous truces and agreements, especially the Corner Agreement, was stronger at all levels and attended by international bodies and the United Nations,” said Jamal Abdul Muttalib, a Libyan journalist.

While the UN was not involved in the manufacture of this ceasefire agreement, the head of the UN mission Ghassan Salame, welcomed it, hailing the efforts of the tribal elders.

In August 2018, a similar wave of violence took over Tripoli, with the same warring groups fighting throughout the city for over a month. The 2018 clashes that finally ended after the UN brokered a ceasefire agreement left 115 people dead and over 400 wounded.

Since the fall of the Muammar Gaddafi regime in 2011, the country has been plagued with conflict as different militias and militant groups seek to control the nation’s resource-rich areas.

Despite the skirmishes, however, it seems like Libya might finally be heading towards the right direction, with the country’s leaders agreeing to hold an election later this year.