Human Rights

After surviving Daesh, Yazidi women ask to go home

Middle East

Yazidi women who have escaped from Daesh's grip throughout the past few years hope that the defeat of the militant group is soon so that they may return back to their homes in Syria and Iraq.

Among thousands fleeing the crumbling dream of a Daesh group “caliphate” in eastern Syria are alleged militants but also survivors of some of their worst atrocities.

“I’ll never forget,” 40-year-old Bissa says softly, as she recounts being “bought and sold” by six different militants.

“We did everything they wanted to do with us. We couldn’t say no,” says the Iraqi woman from the Yazidi religious minority, after fleeing her Daesh captors.

Bissa was one of at least seven Yazidi women and girls to finally escape captivity last week, after years as “sex slaves” at the hands of the extremist group.

Speaking to AFP in territory held by US-backed forces, the women — and at least one teenager abducted when she was 13 — say they just want to go home.

“They would sleep with us against our will,” Bissa said, wearing a dark red headscarf and appearing years beyond her age, her face and hands etched with lines.

More than 36,000 people have fled a crumbling Daesh holdout near the Iraqi border in recent weeks, among them 3,200 alleged militants.

But now in territory held by the US-backed Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), none perhaps have tales so harrowing as the Yazidi women.

In 2014, Daesh militants rampaged across swathes of Syria and neighboring Iraq — including the northern Iraqi region of Sinjar, home to a large Yazidi community.

The Kurdish-speaking Yazidis follow an ancient religion rooted in Zoroastrianism, but Daesh considers them to be “apostates.”

In Sinjar, Daesh fighters killed the men, forcefully enlisted boys as soldiers and kidnapped more than 6,000 women.

After Bissa was captured, she was “bought and sold” by six different militants — including three Saudis and a fighter who said he was Swedish.

She was repeatedly brutalized, but was too scared to escape.

“They said whoever tried … would be punished by a different man sleeping with her every day,” she says inside an SDF center near the Omar oil field.

But 17-year-old Nadine, who militants kidnapped from Sinjar when she was just 13, says she twice tried to escape.

Both times the militant group’s police caught her.

“They flogged me with a hose. It left marks on my back, and I couldn’t sleep on it,” she says.

“The second time, they said I couldn’t eat for two days,” she added.

After they abducted Nadine, Daesh militants took her across the border to the group’s then de facto Syrian capital of Raqqa.

Over four years, she says, six different men bought her — Saudis and a Tunisian.

She had to adapt to their brutal interpretation of religion, and adhere to their strict dress code of covering from head to toe in public.

“I love color, and I used to wear trousers,” Nadine says.

Inside the SDF center, she wears a black-and-white bead bracelet around her wrist, bearing the name of her little brother in English.

But she can’t bring herself to remove her black face veil.

“I got used to it. I can’t yet take it off,” she says. “But I will do so when I see my mum.”

After escaping, Nadine says several cousins are still being held a Daesh pocket in eastern Syria.

At the height of its rule, Daesh controlled territory the size of Britain, but today it has lost all but an eastern patch to various offensives — including by the SDF, backed by air strikes of the US-led coalition.

Between 2015 and 2018, at least 129 Yazidi women and girls were handed over to the Kurdish Women’s Protection Units (YPJ), who are part of the SDF.

“We’re definitely… fighting Daesh to free more captives — and not just Yazidis,” YPJ spokeswoman Nasreen Abdallah said.

At the YPJ center, Sabha, 30, waited to take her 10-year-old daughter to hospital, after a kettle of boiling water fell on her legs.

Also a Yazidi woman, Sabha fled the last patch Daesh IS territory with her six children, after the man she was forced to marry was killed in an air strike.

Five of her children are from a first husband killed by Daesh after they overran Sinjar.

But her 18-month-old girl was fathered by a Kurdish militant from the Iraqi region of Kirkuk, who said he spent 15 years of his life in Britain.

Sebha says the militant beat her and threatened to kill her children if she disobeyed.

“All I could think of was how to get out,” says Sabha, wearing a green headscarf.
“I’d wish him dead so I could escape.”

Today, Sabha looks forward to going home to her family, she says.

“But what makes me most happy is that I saved my children.”

Image: AFP

Article: Arab News