Mosul was the centre of terror at the hands of ISIS for over 3 years and was the focus of fighting for the Iraqi Army for a number of months until the liberation of the city in early July. This caused an enormous outflow of displaced people from the city as they escaped both the oppressive rule of ISIS’ totalitarian ideology and also the clashes that ensued between the terrorist group and the Iraqi armed forces.
There are currently thousands of displaced people from Mosul spread across Iraq. There is a camp called Jama Kor, which is located to the east of Mosul, where conditions are almost unbearable, especially due to the remote location of the camp, making it difficult for aid to reach the area.
Food and water is lacking in the camp. Infrastructure is extremely poor and fragile. The local economy is weak and it suffers from a lack of attention both internationally and from the national state and municipality. The medical situation of the camp is also in a dire situation and diseases are spreading with ease due to the pollution of the area and unhygienic conditions.
Large portions of the city of Mosul suffered immense damage and after the liberation of the city it was initially stated that it would take approximately 50 billion dollars to reconstruct the city, 80% of which was reported to have been destroyed.
The delays in reconstruction and the general instability in the whole country has prevented many from returning to Mosul. Nevertheless, there are cases of civilians returning to their homes and joining the reconstruction effort.
There are also numerous projects being implemented to rebuild facilities and infrastructure such as the revitalisation of the University of Mosul. Business and shops are slowly beginning to re-open their doors as the security situation in the city has stabilised since the ousting of ISIS.