Iraqi farmers are facing drought, a significant drop in annual rainfall and growing salinity in the once water-rich country. The construction of major dams in Turkey and Iran since the 1970s has also reduced the level of water flowing into the country.
With neighboring Iran diverting rivers and building dams, Kurdish farmers in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq are in the midst of an already severe water crisis that threatens to get even worse, thanks to national and regional governments failing to acknowledge the urgency of the problem.
Recently Iraq's rivers have seen a drop in water levels due to climate change and human actions. Additionally actions of regional actors such as Turkey's GAP project have put Iraq in a serious shortage and borderline water crisis. As a result, Iraq must develop a new strategy to deal with this issue.