While US and international sanctions aren't specifically targeted at Kurdish-ruled northeast Syria, the area is impacted all the same with trade practically halted and because of the sudden plunge of the Syrian pound.
Since civil war erupted in Syria in 2011, thousands of refugee families have created a Little Damascus in the October 6 suburb in Egypt's capital, Cairo. A growing number of Syrian drinks peddlers are exploiting a niche in the Cairo market.
Despite the Central Bank of Libya officially controlling the exchange rate, the black market in the country plays a big role in the country's currency transactions. Until hard currency is available for all Libyans, not just businesses, the black market will continue to operate.
Residents of the agricultural Hineeda village west of Raqqa are suffering from the lack of services and healthcare. The citizens are complaining from an absence of seeds, fuel, and fertilizer to help them grow their land.