Since the turmoil after the 2011 Arab Spring, the number of unlicensed buildings in Egypt skyrocketed. Now, authorities are cracking down on residents who build on farmland affecting the country's farmers the most. The farmers complain that the government isn't providing alternatives for those who need cheap housing.
Former major cotton exporter Egypt seeks to overcome major challenges to compete with US and Brazil. Cotton was once Egypt's main source of wealth in the 19th century, as the Nile Delta provided fertile grounds for the crop, however, fierce competition has diminished the crops returns.
The date palms, an Iraqi national symbol, have come under threat from conflict and crippling drought. The majority of dates now sold in Iraq come from trees, which first took root in the country, before being replanted in other Gulf states.
Farmers in Egypt were appalled by the government’s decision to start importing rice and limiting the areas allocated for rice cultivation as part of its strategy to contain the water crisis. Despite the Government's claim that this will break the rice market monopoly, farmers say they are the ones most affected.
Iraqi researcher: The irrigation systems in Iraq are outdated and damaged and need to be fixed for the country's agriculture industry to flourish. Many marshlands and cultivable lands have already been lost due to poor irrigation.