Aid & Development

The Global Report on Internal Displacement in 2018

Rest of the World
The Norwegian Refugee Council on Internal Displacement has issued its annual report on internal displacement. The report shows that although violence contributed highly to displacement, natural disasters are the primary reasons for displacement.

The Norwegian Refugee Council on Internal Displacement has recently released its 2018 report on displacement trends throughout the world. The report concluded that violence is the number one man-made cause of displacement, coming second overall only to natural disasters. The report estimated that 30,600,000 people have been displaced within their own countries for the year of 2017 alone, meaning that 80,000 people have been displaced on a daily basis.

The highest cause of displacement the report concluded is natural disasters with China being the number one impacted country. In China alone, 4.47 million people have been displaced due to natural disasters with the Philippines coming in second at 2.5 million cases.

What came as a surprise to many was that the Middle East which has the highest instability rates came in second within the violence category.

The violence in the South African Desert contributed to the creation of 5.5 million cases of displacement during 2017.

Out of the 11.8 million cases of displacement due to violence, Syria is leading in the Middle East with 3 million cases followed by Iraq with 1.37 million cases of internal displacement.

In the past few months, thousands of Syrians in the cities of Ghouta and Homs have been displaced to Idlib as a result of negotiations between rebel groups and the regime.

The UNHCR estimated that since the start of the conflict in 2011, 6.6 million Syrians have been displaced and 5.6 have fled the country to surrounding countries and the west. Jordan, Lebanon and Turkey have taken in the most Syrian refugees, which has created a crisis that UN has been appealing the international community to solve.

Since the liberation of Iraq late 2017, the number of displaced people in Iraq has declined with almost three million displaced Iraqis returning to their cities.