Documents left behind by ISIS in the city of Fallujah in Iraq reveal ISIS' brutality towards that residents of the city. The militant organisation's court punished citizens for smoking, owning satellite dishes and any means of technology.
After the liberation of the city of Fallujah in Anbar province in Iraq in 2016, the Iraqi Security Forces (ISF) found dozens of documents belonging to ISIS in the buildings that they occupied. According to experts, these documents have revealed ISIS’ framework and operation, in addition to their brutality against the city’s residents.
In a building that was used by ISIS as a legal court, the ISF found money and documents, which reveal the extent that the organisation went in punishing people and enforcing their views. Some of the documents show ISIS’ enforcement of perverse rules, especially in marriages. A document found in the court showed that the dowry that the militants gave to their brides before a wedding was an explosive belt.
Furthermore, ISIS did not allow citizens to represent themselves or defend themselves in court, meaning that their rulings against citizens were final.
“They confiscated [citizens’] money and homes and issued orders to behead them. [ISIS judges] were the judges, torturers, and lawyers,” said a member of the Iraqi Security Forces responsible for archiving the documents.
Following the liberation of Fallujah, citizens recalled ISIS’ cruelty and brutality towards them, including the punishments that the group forced on people for small acts like smoking cigarettes.
“They broke my fingers and told me that if they saw me again, they will expel me,” recalled a citizen who was arrested by ISIS for smoking.
The defeat of ISIS in Iraq and parts of Syria allowed security authorities to confiscate their documents, giving the world a deeper understanding of the militant organisation’s operations.
In November 2017, the ISF found thousands of ISIS documents in the Ba’aj district near the city of Mosul in Nineveh Province. According to the experts who read the documents, ISIS’ structure closely resembles the structure of fascist movements despite the group trying to present itself as “Islamic”.
According to many observers studying and archiving these documents is very important because it allows people to see the real face of ISIS.
Since Iraq’s liberation from ISIS in December 2017, civilians who lived under ISIS rule have spoken about the group’s ruthless nature against the people they claim to represent.