Eleven countries have joined forces to establish an international tribunal to sentence those who have committed murder, terrorist crimes or war crimes whilst fighting on behalf of ISIS in Iraq and Syria.
Since the defeat of ISIS across the region, local authorities in northern Syria have attempted to determine the fate of captured fighters.
However, according to many in the international community, this is not a viable long-term solution. As a result, over eleven states have come together in Sweden, where a conference was hosted, in which attendees discussed how captured militants will be held accountable for their crimes.
The participating countries agreed that militants who have carried out heinous crimes must be prosecuted to ensure justice is served to the victims of the militant group. According to the Swedish Minister of Home Affairs, Mikael Damberg, an international tribunal will be set up to try ISIS militants for crimes against humanity. While the SDF proposed a similar tribunal after the liberation of Baghouz in March of this year, many countries were reluctant to adopt this solution, opting to have countries repatriate their citizens who joined ISIS and try them according to their own national laws. However, it seems Sweden amongst other countries sees an International Tribunal as the best solution for this problem.
“The question of establishing an international court on terrorism is not only a European issue but an international one,” said Damberg.
The minister further stated that this Friday, a conference will be held in Luxembourg, which will attempt to propose a solution for the destinies of children born to parents who have joined the militant group.
“We are working to free children from terrorists and extremist ideology, as we have done in a similar case,” said the Swedish minister.
Many countries in the region have repatriated children born to ISIS militants so that they can undergo rehabilitation in their countries of origin. This move was welcomed by many children’s rights activists who stated this this will allow children to re-connect with their families at home.
While this solution seems to solve this issue, many children of ISIS militants lack official documentation, which makes it hard for the authorities to identify their countries of origin. It is expected that Iraq will set up courts that will allow children to obtain official documentations so that they can then be processed through the system. Nonetheless, international mediation must take place in order to aid the estimated 45,000 children many of whom remain without documentation, or a homeland.