The recent concessions by President of Algeria, Abdelaziz Bouteflika, has failed to satisfy many Algerians who continue to want power to move to a younger generation with fresh ideas.
Algeria’s government on Wednesday declared itself ready for talks with protesters seeking rapid political change, saying it sought a ruling system based on “the will of the people” after opposition groups rejected proposed reforms as inadequate.
President Abdelaziz Bouteflika on Monday reversed a decision to seek a fifth term in the face of weeks of mass rallies by protesters fed up with authoritarian rule and decades of economic and political stagnation.
But the initiative by Bouteflika, who also delayed elections and said a conference would be held to discuss political changes, has failed to satisfy many Algerians who continue to want power to move to a younger generation with fresh ideas.
“Dialogue is our duty. Our top priority is to bring together all Algerians,” deputy prime minister Ramtane Lamamra told state radio.
“The new system will be based on the will of the people,” he said, adding participants in a conference to write a new constitution would include mainly young people and women.
Earlier, Armed Forces Chief of Staff and deputy defence minister Ahmed Gaed Salah told Ennahar TV the army would preserve Algeria’s security “in all circumstances and conditions”.
Tens of thousands of people from all social classes have demonstrated over the last three weeks against corruption, unemployment and a ruling class dominated by the military and veterans of the 1954-62 independence war against France.
The protests have shaken up a long moribund political scene marked by decades of social and economic malaise and behind-the-scenes power broking by an influential military establishment.
Criticism from celebrated war veteran
In an unusual sign of a rift within the political elite, a prominent independence war veteran described Bouteflika’s plan for reform and political transition as a “coup d’etat.”
Former guerrilla fighter Djamila Bouhired said Algeria’s post-independence governments had continued to be subject to what she called France’s tutelage, something she said was illustrated by French President Emmanuel Macron’s support for Bouteflika’s initiative.
“The latest revealing sign of these perverse links of neocolonial domination, the support of the French president for the coup d’etat programmed by his Algerian counterpart is an aggression against the Algerian people…,” she wrote in a letter to El Watan daily.
Young Algerians have no bond with the independence war except through their grandparents. Their priorities are to find jobs and better services that the North African country is failing to provide despite its oil and gas.
In an illustration of the disconnect between the ageing Bouteflika and restless young Algerians, the president announced his transition plan in a letter to a nation where people vent frustrations through social media.
“When you read the letter closely, it is very crafty. He says ‘I’m retiring’, but the further you read on, the clearer it becomes that it’s a ruse, that he’s side-stepping and hedging,” said Kader Abderrahim, analyst at Sciences Po university in France.
“It’s about extending his fourth mandate into eternity. It took Algerians only a few hours to realise what was going on and to understand what he was up to.”
The pressure on Bouteflika — who has ruled for 20 years but has rarely been seen in public since suffering a stroke in 2013 — is unrelenting.
A mass protest is planned in Algiers for Friday.
On Wednesday, school teachers held a strike in several cities and were joined by other Algerians.
“We want to uproot the system,” said 25-year-old student Messaoud Meki.
No to Bouteflika’s ‘tricks’
Hundreds of school teachers and students protested in Algiers amid fears that Bouteflika is yet planning to extend his two-decade rule.
After initial celebration following Bouteflika’s announcement, protesters returned to the streets of the capital Tuesday, accusing the 82-year-old of “tricks”.
On Wednesday, middle and high school teachers protested alongside their students at a rally in central Algiers that drew more than 1,000 demonstrators.
“It’s about the future of our children,” said Driss, a teacher at a high school in the Algerian capital.
“It’s important that we teachers mobilise,” he said after taking a selfie with some of his students.
The protesters carried signs saying: “No to the extension of a fourth term!” and “Times have changed: we are the power and you are despair so get out.”
Schools in Algeria have been hit by a partial strike in recent days as protests have repeatedly rocked the capital and other major cities.
On Wednesday teachers took part in rallies across Algeria’s 48 provinces, Idir Achour, a member of a school union, said.
The veteran leader’s promise of a national conference to carry out reforms and set a date for new elections “before the end of 2019” has been seen by many as a sign he may stay in office for another year.
University students have been at the forefront of the protest movement, in a country where half the population is under the age of 30 and many have never known any president other than Bouteflika.
Protest strikes first launched on Sunday continued to grip several regions, including Tizi Ouzou, Bouira and Kabylie, local officials said.
In Bouria “everything is shut down” including shops and public transport, one of them said.
The port of Bejaia, one of the country’s main harbours, is “paralysed” and a strike at the Naftal company which distributes fuel and petrol was slowing down work at gas stations, a local journalist said.