A variety of rebel factions are still concentrated in the northern regions of Hama Province as they clash with the Syrian regime's forces.
The northern regions of Hama Province in Syria have been a site of heavy clashes between a variety of rebel groups and the Syrian regime’s Syrian Arab Army (SAA) along with its allies. The area is regarded as a borderline between territories controlled by the Syrian regime to the south and lands to the north, known generally as the “Greater Idlib Region”, which are held by a plethora of rebel groups.
The area that is under the control of rebel forces extends from the city of Morek up to the city of Qalaat al-Mudiq. Qalaat al-Mudiq is known to have received hundreds of people who have been displaced from areas captured by the Syrian regime.
The “Free Governorate of Hama”, the name given to the political region by the local rebels, has an approximate population of 200,000. Prominent cities in the region are Lataminah and Kafr Zita, both of whom have been subject to shelling by the SAA on a frequent basis. The Governorate estimates that around 90% of Lataminah has been destroyed as a result of the bombardments, while 80% of Kafr Zita has been reduced to rubble.
Some of the main rebel factions in northern and north-western Hama include the National Front for Liberation (NFL), Jaysh al-Izza and Ahrar al-Sham. Most of them are concentrated in the al-Ghab plain, Qalaat al-Madiq, and Kafr Nabudah where there are a large number of displaced persons
Northern Hama Province was included as part of a de-escalation zone back in 2017, however, this agreement has since been broken and military clashes in the area have been a daily occurrence for months on end.
For a long time, the “Rastan” pocket in northern Homs was the focus of attention for the SAA. It was besieged and suffocated for months before the rebels and population inside were evacuated in May 2018.