Since it emerged in 2012 under the name Jabhat al-Nusra, the group now known as Hayy'at Tahrir al-Sham has gone through several iterations. Its fate has often been linked to that of the wider Syrian conflict and to that of every other major actor it came in conflict with.
The hard-line group Hayy'at Tahrir al-Sham (HTS), which is the dominant force in Syria's north-western Idlib Province, has found itself squeezed in recent months amidst the ongoing the conflict against the Syrian army.
Since its recent domination over the final rebel-held pocket in Idlib, Hayy’at Tahrir al-Sham (HTS) has been determined to move beyond military means to ensure a lasting dominance in northwestern Syria.
In Syria's last major opposition bastion in the north of Aleppo, clashes between extremist group Hayy'at Tahrir al-Sham (HTS) and the Turkish-backed National Liberation Front (NLF) rebel alliance has resulted in the killing of dozens of fighters on both sides.