Hundreds of refugees from various African countries are fleeing their countries and using Libya as a transit point into Europe. Recently the UNHCR released over 260 refugees from the detention centres to be taken to Niger. In the meantime, the agency intends to find them permanent homes.
In 2015, Lebanon witnessed large street protests due to a massive waste crisis after to the shutting down of the Naameh Landfill. Recently, a waste problem has arisen in the Lebanese city of Sidon, which observers speculate, might renew the possibility of another waste crisis.
Recently Iraq's rivers have seen a drop in water levels due to climate change and human actions. Additionally actions of regional actors such as Turkey's GAP project have put Iraq in a serious shortage and borderline water crisis. As a result, Iraq must develop a new strategy to deal with this issue.