In the city of Idleb, masked gangs and sleeper cells connected to al-Qaeda are sowing chaos and instability amongst the city's residents. This led citizens to begin "The Masks Aren't Us" campaign which calls for the end of the presence of masks throughout the city.
While most graffiti during the golden age of graffiti art in Egypt (2011-13) carried political slogans, the graffiti in the country's post-revolutionary phase, developed a satirical quality and plays a prominent role in political criticism. Graffiti is also making its way indoors into art gallery's throughout Cairo.
Young artists from the city of Mosul are taking it upon themselves to remove any reminders of the militant group's horrific rule. Beautifying the walls with artwork that covers ISIS propaganda is causing a positive effect on the psychology of young people in the city.
The Fatha road snakes behind the heavily damaged Baiji Oil refinery, crossing between the low-altitude Hamreen and Makhoul mountain ranges into Kirkuk whose residents fear Islamic State (IS) sleeper cells.