The UNHCR warns that the number of refugees around the world has reached 25.9 million while the number of internally displaced people is at 41.3 million people. Many of these refugees are located in developing countries, with Turkey hosting the largest number at 3.7 million.
Across the world, the number of refugees and internally displaced people (IDP) is rising. According to the United Nations’ High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), there are 25.9 million refugees around the world and 41.3 million IDPs. The UNHCR notes that the main reasons behind the global refugee crisis are wars, oppression and climate change, with these causes often interlinked to one-another.
Of the countries that are the greatest sources of refugees, Syria tops the list, with 6.7 million refugees scattered worldwide. Although a small number of refugees have been returning to the country, these numbers are dwarfed in comparison to those that are displaced. Especially in Idlib, many people have been twice or thrice displaced due to the numerous military offensives in the country, squeezing the displaced in an ever-smaller space.
Afghanistan is second on the list where the conflict between the Afghan national government and the Taliban has been going on for over a decade. The country had already been witnessing fighting between different factions before then and the war against the Soviet Union before then, making for a conflict that has been running for over 30 years. The emergence of ISIS and other groups have only made the situation more dangerous while the political deadlock and endemic corruption in Kabul have left the national government facing a crisis of legitimacy.
Third is South Sudan. The world’s newest country was gripped by a civil war shortly after it was founded in 2011, with hundreds of thousands, killed by rival militias already.
Together, they make for 57% of the world’s refugee population.
Of the countries around the world, Turkey has hosted the largest numbers of refugees, with 3.7 million people having sought refuge there. Syrians make the majority of refugees in Turkey, though the country also hosts Iraqis, Afghans, Uighurs and other groups. It is estimated that Turkey hosts 15% of the world refugee population, a higher percentage than any other country. The rising numbers have stoked tensions in Turkey, with refugees, especially Syrians, coming under increasing pressure.
Pakistan, Uganda, Sudan and Germany are next on the list. Lebanon, although hosting a smaller percentage, hosts a disproportionately large population of refugees compared to its original population. Meanwhile the world’s largest refugee camp is located in none of these countries but Bangladesh where Camp Kutupalong is located, holding some 900,000 Rohingya who fled persecution in Myanmar.
With developing countries holding 80% of the world’s refugee population, the UN has called for more help to be given to these countries.