A series of separate talks between heads of states and international organisations have recently taken place to make progress on state-building in Libya.
Following the meeting that took place in the United Arab Emirate’s (UAE) capital of Abu Dhabi, International actors are initiating talks to find a solution for the ongoing Libya crisis. The UN along with other leaders have stressed the necessity of ending the political deadlock in the country, which has negatively impacted all aspects of life for Libyans.
The Abu Dhabi Meeting that took place last week brought together the commander-in-chief of the Libyan National Army (LNA), Field Marshall Khalifa Haftar, and the President of the Presidential Council (PC), Fayez al-Sarraj.
While the two leaders agreed that they must hold an election before the end of 2019 to end the transitional period, that has been in place since the overthrow of Muammar Gaddafi in 2011, no official plan was set.
The meeting was regarded by many international leaders as a positive step towards ending the political crisis in Libya. As a result, international actors said that they are determined to help formulate a consensus between the Libyan leaders soon, to keep the momentum that was built following the Abu Dhabi Meeting.
During a phone call with French President Emmanuel Macron, Egyptian President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi echoed his calls for the restoration the of the military establishment and the holding of elections, which, many hope, will usher an era of stability and development.
Furthermore, the UN Special Envoy to Libya, Ghassan Salameh, discussed the recent developments in Libya with Italian Prime Minister, Guiseppe Conte, who reiterated his support for the UN’s plan of action.
In November of last year, Conte hosted the Libyan leaders in Palermo, to encourage them to solve the political deadlock.
However, the conference did not end in a decisive agreement. Furthermore, the operations that the LNA launched on strategic cities in southern Libya led to further tensions between the political leaders.
Observers say that while previous reconciliation conferences have failed, they believe that this one might come to fruition due to both sides agreeing on not only holding elections but merging the eastern and western governments, which have been competing for legitimacy for years.
While it is too early to tell whether this reconciliation attempt will bear with it a political solution, many are hoping that the deadlock will end soon, so that the government can begin rebuilding the country.