During the National Conference for the Development of Health system, the Centre for Development of Health announced their plan to reform the health sector in Libya.
The health sector in Libya faces numerous challenges in developing its capacity and providing health to its citizens. The health system currently faces its most challenging period as a result of conflict, fragmented governance, limited financial resources, deficient human resources, a drastic shortage of lifesaving medicines and basic equipment, a debilitated primary health-care system, and neglected health services.
According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), 17 out of 97 hospitals are closed and only 4 hospitals are functional between 75-80% of its capacity. Over 20% primary health care facilities are closed, while a large proportion of the others are not ready for service delivery.
Meanwhile, the fighting has meant that many hospitals and healthcare facilities have been subjected to shelling, bombing and attacks by the different armed factions in the country. Included within this is the increased cases of looting and plundering targeting hospitals in the country. The fighting has severely hampered the ability of patients to access healthcare in the country. Many villages in Libya have become so isolated as a result of the violence, preventing them from accessing hospitals or other major healthcare centres.
During the National Conference for the development of the health system, an initiative was announced that aims to implement the health reform program in order to improve its services, efficiency, and treatment of the most vulnerable in the country. As part of these reforms, Libyan health authorities have established a new health insurance fund, called “My Health”. According to the plan, the ministry will provide medical services by purchasing them from the private sector in the country or from medical institutions abroad.
With the country still embroiled in a civil war and political crisis, the problems facing the health sector in the country may persist, however, such reforms are a positive step to help develop the health system in Libya and provide much needed healthcare to Libyans across the country.